Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction Longlisted for the National Book Award for Nonfiction From the Pulitzer Prize-winning. Editorial Reviews. Review. “Coll's book is riveting”—Richard Cohen, NY Daily News "[A]journalistic masterpiece Coll succeeds on all levels Coll is masterful at. Start by marking “Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan” as Want to Read: This book gave me the full details of the part they played in yet another Afgan war. Steve Coll is President & CEO of New America Foundation, and a staff writer at.

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Directorate S Book

Compre o livro Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction. Winner of the the National Book Critics Circle Award for Non-Fiction At the heart of the problem lay 'Directorate S', a highly secretive arm of. Steve Coll delivers a brilliant account of America's secret wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan after the invasion of

While the US was trying to quell extremists, a highly secretive and compartmentalized wing of I. Today we know that the war in Afghanistan would falter badly because of military hubris at the highest levels of the Pentagon, the drain on resources and provocation in the Muslim world caused by the U. But more than anything, as Coll makes painfully clear, the war in Afghanistan was doomed because of the failure of the United States to apprehend the motivations and intentions of I. This was a swirling and shadowy struggle of historic proportions, which endured over a decade and across both the Bush and Obama administrations, involving multiple secret intelligence agencies, a litany of incongruous strategies and tactics, and dozens of players, including some of the most prominent military and political figures. A sprawling American tragedy, the war was an open clash of arms but also a covert melee of ideas, secrets, and subterranean violence. Coll excavates this grand battle, which took place away from the gaze of the American public.

The first is an absence of trust between Washington and Kabul. The longer the Americans stayed the more difficult it became to persuade Afghans that their presence was helpful and their purposes benign.

Karzai believed, not without reason, that United States officials paid lip service to his concerns, were willing to cut deals behind his back and on occasion plotted to replace him with someone more accommodating.

[Directorate S] |

For their part, Americans who dealt regularly with Karzai concluded that he was indecisive, unstable and given to bouts of paranoia. By the time he vacated the premises 13 years later, he had become in American eyes an Afghan Mugabe.

Pacifying Afghanistan was always going to pose a challenge. Absent full-throated Pakistani collaboration, it would become next to impossible.

The United States needed two things from Pakistan: first, that it would permit supplies bound for coalition forces in landlocked Afghanistan to transit its territory; and second, that it would prevent Qaeda and Taliban remnants from using Pakistan as a sanctuary and operating base. Yet that assumption proved wildly off the mark. While the generals commanding the Pakistani Army and directing the Inter-Services Intelligence made a show of cooperating, they were simultaneously working to undermine coalition military efforts.


Imbued with the conviction that Afghanistan is vital to Pakistani national security, they had no intention of allowing the United States to determine its fate. United States officials knew they were being had, yet could do little about it. In the US national security council met to discuss Afghanistan just twice. In time Iraq became a recruiting ground for jihadists and helped al-Qaida metastasise into Islamic State — which US air strikes are still targeting in Waziristan and beyond.

Suicide bombings became part of the Afghan landscape.

Directorate S by Steve Coll review – the US v al-Qaida and the Taliban

Perpetrators were often illiterate or disabled teenagers, some of them drugged: one went to say goodbye to his parents but accidentally detonated his explosive belt and killed them as well as himself. Coll, a former south Asia correspondent for the Washington Post, Pulitzer prize winner and staff writer on the New Yorker, is a deft guide through a labyrinthine but carefully structured story, and his range of sources is stunning.

Footnotes reference hundreds of interviews with US, Afghan and Pakistani officials, as well as documents some provided by WikiLeaks and memoirs. Highly sensitive conversations are reported in incredible detail.

Coll has interviewed players in the Bush and Obama administrations, Afghan and Pakistani officials, spies, diplomats, and soldiers on the ground. With his evenhanded approach, gift for limning character, and dazzling reporting skills, he has created an essential work of contemporary history. Rave Kirkus. In this era of fake news, Coll remains above it all, this time delivering an impeccably researched history of 'diplomacy at the highest levels of government in Washington, Islamabad, and Kabul.

Rave Publishers Weekly.

Directorate S : The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2016

The policies, interests, and important figures of the three nations and to a lesser extent the Taliban are all given appropriate weight. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain'….

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