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The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology by Ray Kurzweil. Read online, or download in secure EPUB format. Download PDF The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology | PDF books Ebook Free Download Here. The singularity is near: when humans transcend biology. byKurzweil, Ray For print-disabled users. Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.

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Singularity Is Near Epub

ray-kurzweil-singularity-is-near-epub Ray Kurzweil Singularity Is Near Epub Updated a year ago. About · 0 Discussions · 0 Change Requests. Star. {epub download} The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology PDF Ebook Full Series For download this book click Button below. Title: (Epub Kindle) The Singularity Is Near When Humans Transcend Biology [ Free Ebook], Author: urtfcalsh, Name: (Epub Kindle) The.

Lots of non-fiction. And my favorite moments reading non-fiction are when a book bitchslaps my brain and reconfigures my entire understanding of reality and my place within it. I love that. I get a lot of emails asking me for book recommendations. Gilbert is a famous Harvard psychologist who has a knack for coming up with zany experiments that show just how flawed and biased the human mind is. In the book, he shows you time and again that as humans, we inaccurately judge, among other things, what made us happy in the past, what will make us happy in the future, and even what is making us happy right at this moment. Read This Book If… …you enjoy Harvard professors who reference The Beatles in every chapter and make jokes about quadriplegics. On The Genealogy of Morals , perhaps his shortest and most influential work, was starkest of all. Because The Strong won their greater power and influence through outsmarting or outperforming others, they will come to adopt ethical beliefs that justify their position: that might makes right, that they are entitled to their privileged position, that they earned what is theirs. He also believed that Slave Morality is just as capable of corrupting and oppressing a society as Master Morality. He used Christianity as his primary example of this. Nietzsche was a pretty hardcore dude. Taleb has a handful of amazing ideas.

Energy is distributed unevenly in the universe, and it is those differences in energy densities—energy gradients—that drive all events. Entropy has been interpreted incorrectly as being equal to disorder. Without energy gradients, the universe would be in thermodynamic equilibrium, and events would no longer be possible. The original version of the second law by Clausius—that entropy always increases—therefore defines the direction of the movement of the universe.

Martyushev and Seleznev argue that the MEPP may be viewed as the natural generalization of the second law 1. Ever since, many physicists have proven that PLA is a simple but powerful framework for unifying Newtonian mechanics, relativity and quantum mechanics.

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Life itself may be interpreted as a very efficient mode of abolishing energy gradients. It emerged to speed up the rate of dissipation by continually removing constraints, generating diverse dissipators and successively replacing these with novel dissipators that are ever more effective in energy dissipation. We may assume that the evolution of the universe is a continuous acceleration of energy dissipation and, correspondingly, increase of structural complexity and that life is a specific step in this continuous process.

Once the energy gradient sinks below a critical point, an inanimate dissipative structure disintegrates and ceases to exist. In fact, living systems can be named ontotelic systems, as maintaining their onticity seems to be their ultimate purpose and utility. Constructions do not continuously dissipate energy, but transiently maintain their stability and a distance from thermodynamic equilibrium, because high kinetic barriers prevent their falling apart.

So far, we have no thermodynamic theory of constructions. In biological evolution, constructions came into existence by chance, and the memory of this particular chance has been retained and repeated. In extant living systems, this memory has been deposited in genomes, in specific connections of brain neurons and, in the case of the human species, in the artefacts of cultural evolution.

The Singularity is Near: When Humans transcend Biology - PDF Drive

The driving force behind this permanent acceleration of evolution is epistemogenesis: the acquisition and steady accumulation of knowledge. The view that life is cognition, and that the evolution of life is the evolution of knowledge, has gained further support by the recent reformulation of the second law of thermodynamics.

To ensure the persistence of mutually competing dissipators in an ever more complex world, life performs increasingly efficient epistemic work.

This acquisition of new knowledge is not deterministic. It can eventually be reached only by blindly fumbling in all directions.

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In the course of evolution, living species move forward in an epistemic maze with countless blind alleys and possibly only a single way out. The losers end up in a deadlock, and new and more complex living forms move ahead.

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On Earth, humans are the species that has advanced most in the epistemic maze. Humans are now living at a time when a single generation can witness the quick rise of energy dissipation and the parallel growth of knowledge. From our vantage point, we can oversee the full panorama of the evolution of the universe. No superior intelligence to create life.

No knowledge at the start. Live Long Enough to Live Forever, We want your feedback!

Click here. The Singularity is Near by Ray Kurzweil ebook.

Life's arrow: the Epistemic Singularity

Subjects Science Nonfiction. Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil examines the next step in the evolutionary process of the union of human and machine. He foresees the dawning of a new civilization where we will be able to transcend our biological skills with the vastly greater capacity, speed and knowledge-sharing abilities of our creations.

In practical terms, human aging and illness will be reversed; pollution will be stopped and world hunger and poverty will be solved. There will be no clear distinction between human and machine, real reality and virtual reality. The Singularity is Near offers a view of the coming age that is both a dramatic culmination of centuries of technological ingenuity and a genuinely inspiring vision of our ultimate destiny.

Science Nonfiction.

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