1. where the party acting in error intended to conclude a contract different from that to which he consented;. 2. where the party acting in error. cant may request the court in particular to order the offending party to refrain from: 1. approaching the applicant or from entering a defined area around the. The Swiss Code of Obligations is a portion of the Swiss Civil Code that regulates contract law Original title, German: Obligationenrecht; French: Code des obligations; Italian: Diritto . "Introduction to Swiss Law - Law of Obligations" ( PDF).
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schweizer obligationenrecht pdf download. Quote. Postby Just» Tue Jan 29, am. Looking for schweizer obligationenrecht pdf download. Will be. Böckli, P. (), Schweizer Aktienrecht, wm-greece.info PDF% 20Download%20Files/wm-greece.info Gericke, D. and S. Waller (), Basler Kommentar zum Obligationenrecht II. Hayoz/Peter Nobel, Schweizerisches Aktienrecht, Berne , § 20 N. 10 et seq.; zum schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuch, Obligationenrecht.
The contract law of the Code of Obligations is based on Roman Law traditions, and it was particularly influenced by the Pandectist school. It was also heavily influenced by the Code Napoleon of Swiss contract law discriminates between general and special contract rules.
The general rules are based on legal theory developed in the 17th and 18th centuries, while special rules are based on Roman law traditions. The Code is governed by the principle of the freedom to contract ,  which includes freedom as to the content and type of the contract, and the freedom of the parties to enter into agreements which are not governed by the special part of the Code.
One major difference compared to contract law in Common Law jurisdictions is the lack of a requirement of consideration. The concept of frustration of purpose is also not part of the Swiss legal tradition.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Swiss Code of Obligations Original title German: Berne, Switzerland. Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 17 September Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council. Archived from the original on 18 September An Analysis of International Construction Contracts.
Archived PDF from the original on 24 March Retrieved 7 April University of Zurich. Archived PDF from the original on 7 April Global Sales and Contract Law.
OUP Oxford. Archived from the original on 7 April A History of Law in Europe: Cambridge University Press. Archived PDF from the original on 12 July Edward Elgar Publishing. Louisiana Law Review.
Archived from the original on 10 September Fribourg, Switzerland: University of Fribourg. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March The later the defects are discovered, the more difficult it is to decide whether they were caused by a breach of an obligation of the seller or by outside influence after the passing of the risk, e.
Therefore, a maximum period of two years after the taking over of the goods is laid down in the Convention. After long discussions, a two-year exclusive period was stipulated in the CISG because at a later date difficulties would almost inevitably arise with regard to evidence on the status of the goods at the time of delivery, and the seller would no longer be in a position to take action against his suppliers of the goods themselves or of the material needed for their manufac- ture.
Wheth- er or not the two-year period is too short or too long depends on the goods in question The Limitation Prescription under Domestic Laws By contrast, the CISG contains no statute of limitations, and time-limits for bringing legal actions limitation or prescription are generally considered to be a matter not governed by the Convention. Schwenzer, in I. Schwenzer Ed. Sono, in C. Sono, note 17 above, Art. Maskow, International Sales Law , Art. Schroeter, Internationales UN-Kaufrecht, 5th ed.
Only very rarely has opposition been voiced by academic writ- ers, see A. What is less clear are the precise consequences of the CISG not governing prescription; see 3. See H. Compare e. Schwenzer, note 16 above, Art. See R.
Kee, Global Sales and Contract Law , para. However, the topic is of gen- eral importance and continuing practical relevance, given the numerous simi- lar limitation laws cited above.
L of 7 July , pp. See further 2. See in this sense also I. Kee, note 25 above, para. Compare the critical remarks by J. In contrast, there is sig- nificantly less agreement about the precise effect that the alleged incompati- bility has upon the application of domestic limitation laws. In certain cases, an application of this one-year limitation period Article OR to contracts governed by the CISG will be problematic: It might happen that claims arising out of a lack of conformity of the goods would already be time-barred although the period for notification under Article 39 2 CISG has not even expired.
As stated earlier, the downloader loses the right to rely on a lack of conformity of the goods in accordance with Article 39 2 CISG, if he does not give the seller notice thereof at the latest within a period of two years from the date on which the goods were actually handed over to the downloader.
The reference was to Article OR as in force until 31 December Dasser, in Basler Kommentar, Internationales Privatrecht, 2nd ed. Honsell, Schweizerisches Obligationenrecht, Be- sonderer Teil, 8th ed. Schroeter Court holds that this is an appropriate solution. The one-year limitation period provided for in Article OR cannot be applied at least to those cases where it would subject a claim to limitation even before the two-year notification period of Article 39 2 CISG has ex- pired.
Otherwise, there would be a violation of provisions of public international law. Ferrari Ed. Misa Sud Refrigerazione S. The decision has been criticised by C.
Maskow, note 20 above, Art. Ferrari, in F. Ferrari et al. Koller, recht , 41, 47; St. Stucki, in C. Brunner Ed.
Geburtstag , p. Mohs, AJP , , ; T. Koller, recht , 41, 47; T. Stucki, note 42 above, Art. Will, note 42 above, p. Mullis, in P. Schroeter, note 21 above, para.
Schroeter 2. Domestic Legislators Furthermore, it is instructive to consider the view of domestic legislators in some CISG Contracting States who have also identified an incompatibility between Article 39 2 CISG and their brief statutes of limitation.
The reason why their position is mentioned last in the present context lies in the inherent risk to the international character of the Convention and the need to promote uniformity in its application, which are both listed in Article 7 1 CISG as in- terpretative goalposts With the ratification of the CISG, the legislative or- gans of ratifying States relinquish their influence on the content of the Con- vention46 and leave all interpretative power to the community of courts in CISG Contracting States.
Compare H. Although the text of the CISG was fixed when the Convention was adopted in Vienna on 11 April , individual States retained the possibility to declare one or more of the reservations authorized in Articles CISG, thereby influencing the text ver- sion to be applied; see H. See also J. Kritzer on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday , p.
Schroeter, note 47 above, pp. As far as could be ascertained, there are in any case only two States in which the domestic legislator has specifically addressed the relationship be- tween Article 39 2 CISG and the local statute of limitation: 2. Deutscher Bundestag German Federal Parliament , Entwurf eines Gesetzes The rule in Article 3 of the German Vertragsgesetz remained in force until 31 December , when the provision was changed in connection with a fundamental overhaul of the German law on limitation periods.
Deutscher Bundestag, Botschaft, note 55 above, p. In other words: Who should do what about it? However, neither the general law of treaties nor the CISG specify how the full application of the Dies im Unterschied zum geltenden Recht.
Ferrari, note 42 above, Art. Girsberger, 25 J. Schwenzer, P.
This provision codifies a rule of customary law; see K. Schmalenbach, in O. When the incompatibility issue addressed above was discussed at an aca- demic conference in Lausanne in , Professor Loewe who had acted as Chairman of the First Committee during the Vienna Diplomatic Con- ference described the two generally available ways of solving the difficulty: In such a situation, a Contracting State has to resolve the conflict either through legislature or through judicature.
In the resulting case law,64 two approaches can be dis- tinguished 2. It was adopted by the Court of Justice Geneva in a decision66 based on the authorization granted to Swiss courts in Ar- ticle 1 2 Swiss Civil Code to act modo legislatoris;67 it has therefore become Loewe, Discussion, in Lausanne Colloquium, note 58 above, p.
See on the former Article 3 Vertragsgesetz 2. In addition, commentators have suggested yet different approaches, as e. Many academic writers have voiced their agreement with this solution.
In doing so, it relied on Article 1 2 Swiss Civil Code as the Geneva court had done , but followed the solution implemented by the German legislator in the then Arti- cle 3 German Vertragsgesetz. Mohs, AJP , , ; J.
Joerin, ASA Bull. Koller, recht , 41, 53; T. Monomeles Protodikio Larisa, Case No. Janssen, IPRax , ,