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However, the official Omani Arab presence in Kenya was checked by German and British seizure of key ports and creation of crucial trade alliances with influential local leaders in the s.
Period of European imperialism[ edit ] Map of British East Africa in Between the 19th and 20th century, East Africa became a theatre of competition between the major imperialistic European nations of the time.
The three main colors of the African country were beige, red, and blue. The red stood for the English, blue stood for the French, and the beige stood for Germany during the period of colonialism.
During the period of the Scramble for Africa , almost every country in the larger region to varying degrees became part of a European colonial empire. Portugal had first established a strong presence in southern Mozambique and the Indian Ocean since the 15th century, while during this period their possessions increasingly grew including parts from the present northern Mozambique country, up to Mombasa in present-day Kenya.
At Lake Malawi , they finally met the recently created British Protectorate of Nyasaland nowadays Malawi , which surrounded the homonymous lake on three sides, leaving the Portuguese the control of lake's eastern coast.
The British Empire set foot in the region's most exploitable and promising lands acquiring what is today Uganda , and Kenya. The Protectorate of Uganda and the Colony of Kenya were located in a rich farmland area mostly appropriate for the cultivation of cash crops like coffee and tea , as well as for animal husbandry with products produced from cattle and goats, such as goat meat , beef and milk.
Moreover, this area had the potential for a significant residential expansion, being suitable for the relocation of a large number of British nationals to the region. Madagascar became part of the French colonial empire following two military campaigns against the Kingdom of Madagascar , which it initiated after persuading Britain to relinquish its interests in the island in exchange for control of Zanzibar off the coast of Tanganyika , an important island hub of the spices trade.
The British also held a number of island colonies in the region, including the extended archipelago of Seychelles and the rich farming island of Mauritius , previously under the French sovereignty.
In , the British gained a League of Nations mandate over Tanganyika which it administered until Independence was granted to Tanganyika in Following the Zanzibar Revolution of , the independent state of Tanganyika formed the United Republic of Tanzania by creating a union between the mainland, and the island chain of Zanzibar. Zanzibar is now a semi-autonomous state in a union with the mainland which is collectively and commonly referred to as Tanzania. German East Africa, though very extensive, was not of such strategic importance as the British Crown's colonies to the north: the inhabitation of these lands was difficult and thus limited, mainly due to climatic conditions and the local geomorphology.
Italy gained control of various parts of Somalia in the s. The southern three-fourths of Somalia became an Italian protectorate Italian Somaliland. Meanwhile, in , a narrow coastal strip of northern Somalia came under British control British Somaliland.
This northern protectorate was just opposite the British colony of Aden on the Arabian Peninsula. With these territories secured, Britain was able to serve as gatekeeper of the sea lane leading to British India.
In , beginning with the download of the small port town of Asseb from a local sultan in Eritrea , the Italians colonized all of Eritrea. By , the war had become a total disaster for the Italians and Ethiopia was able to retain its independence.
Starting in the s, the small protectorate of Djibouti became French Somaliland in Add to Cart. From picture-postcard County Kerry to the rugged coastline of Northern Ireland, there are countless opportunities to get outdoors and explore.
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