Computer wm-greece.info - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Mahatma Gandhi university DEFINATION Motherboard also known as the system board is the physical arrangement in a computer that contain the computer's. chapter, we build on all that knowledge to learn about motherboards, A motherboard is the most complicated component in a computer. When you put together.
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amotherboard looks like in more detail, but our primary emphasis is just what it does. Besides processing activity of the computer takes place on it. However. Computer Hardware: Hardware Components and Internal PC Connections. .. motherboard or every available drive bay in the personal computer case. / dam/www/public/us/en/documents/product-briefs/zzexpress-chipset-brief. pdf. THE COMPUTER CASE MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTORS The term SYSTEM BOARD can be used to describe any number of circuit boards that make up the.
Business PCs, workstations, and servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more robust functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components.
Laptop and notebook computers that were developed in the s integrated the most common peripherals. This even included motherboards with no upgradeable components, a trend that would continue as smaller systems were introduced after the turn of the century like the tablet computer and the netbook.
Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems. Design[ edit ] The Octek Jaguar V motherboard from Note the large AT keyboard connector at the back right is its only peripheral interface. The motherboard of a Samsung Galaxy SII ; almost all functions of the device are integrated into a very small board A motherboard provides the electrical connections by which the other components of the system communicate.
Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices. A typical desktop computer has its microprocessor , main memory , and other essential components connected to the motherboard. Other components such as external storage , controllers for video display and sound , and peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern microcomputers it is increasingly common to integrate some of these peripherals into the motherboard itself.
An important component of a motherboard is the microprocessor's supporting chipset , which provides the supporting interfaces between the CPU and the various buses and external components.
This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities of the motherboard. Modern motherboards include: Sockets or slots in which one or more microprocessors may be installed.
As of [update] , some graphics cards e. GeForce 8 and Radeon R require more power than the motherboard can provide, and thus dedicated connectors have been introduced to attach them directly to the power supply.
Disk drives also connect to the power supply. Additionally, nearly all motherboards include logic and connectors to support commonly used input devices, such as USB for mouse devices and keyboards. Additional peripherals such as disk controllers and serial ports were provided as expansion cards.
Given the high thermal design power of high-speed computer CPUs and components, modern motherboards nearly always include heat sinks and mounting points for fans to dissipate excess heat. Main article: Comparison of computer form factors Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shape called computer form factor , some of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers.
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The Parts of a Computer Motherboard. The Computer Mother Board Explained The main printed circuit board in a computer is known as the motherboard. Major Motherboard Components and Their Functions.
The Computer Memory Random Access Memory, or RAM, usually refers to computer chips that temporarily store dynamic data to enhance computer performance while you are working.
Cache Memory. The Computer Cache Memory Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory RAM that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the relatively slow main memory and passing it to the processor on demand. Expansion Bus. The Computer Chip-sets A chipset is a group of small circuits that coordinate the flow of data to and from a PC's key components. A computer has got two main chipsets: The NorthBridge also called the memory controller is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor.
The term "bridge" is generally used to designate a component which connects two buses. CPU Clock. Switches and Jumpers. The Switches and Jumpers DIP Dual In-line Package switches are small electronic switches found on the circuit board that can be turned on or off just like a normal switch. They are very small and so are usually flipped with a pointed object, such as the tip of a screwdriver, a bent paper clip, or a pen top.
Take care when cleaning near DIP switches, as some solvents may destroy them.
Dip switches are obsolete and you will not find them in modern systems. Jumper pins are small protruding pins on the motherboard. A jumper cap or bridge is used to connect or short a pair of jumper pins. When the bridge is connected to any two pins, via a shorting link, it completes the circuit and a certain configuration has been achieved.
Jumper caps are metal bridges that close an electrical circuit. Typically, a jumper consists of a plastic plug that fits over a pair of protruding pins. Jumpers are sometimes used to configure expansion boards. By placing a jumper plug over a different set of pins, you can change a board's parameters. Parts of a Motherboard.
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Looking at the dictionary you will get this definition; a "a technology for making low power integrated circuits. The Southbridge chipset is What is BIOS? Helpful 6. Beep codes are audio signals Helpful 2. What is RAM?
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