Computer motherboard pdf


Computer - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Mahatma Gandhi university DEFINATION Motherboard also known as the system board is the physical arrangement in a computer that contain the computer's. chapter, we build on all that knowledge to learn about motherboards, A motherboard is the most complicated component in a computer. When you put together.

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Computer Motherboard Pdf

amotherboard looks like in more detail, but our primary emphasis is just what it does. Besides processing activity of the computer takes place on it. However. Computer Hardware: Hardware Components and Internal PC Connections. .. motherboard or every available drive bay in the personal computer case. / dam/www/public/us/en/documents/product-briefs/zzexpress-chipset-brief. pdf. THE COMPUTER CASE MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTORS The term SYSTEM BOARD can be used to describe any number of circuit boards that make up the.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Muhammad Auwal Ishaq. On the typical motherboard, circuitry is in printed or affixed to the surface of a firm planner surface and usually manufactured in a single step. The motherboard contains the connectors for attaching addition boards. In very old design or wirers were discrete connection between card connection pin, and printed circuit board soon become the standard practice. The central processing unit CPU , memory and peripherals wire housed on individual printed circuit boards, which are plugged into the backplane. During the s it became economical to move an increasing number of peripheral function into the motherboard. By the late s the main personal computers motherboard supported a full range of audio, video, storage and networking functions without the need for any expansion card all The most popular computers such as the Apple and IBM PC had published schematic diagrams and other documentation which permitted rapid reverse engineering and third party replacement motherboards. Usually intended for building new computers compatible with exemplars , many motherboards offers additional performances or features and were used to upgrade the manufacturer original equipment. There are basically two types of motherboard. This type of motherboard has an advantage and also a drawback, it main advantage is its simplicity as much space is conserved, portable and perhaps cheaper to manufacture. The major drawback is when the board component is faulty the entire system board has to be replaced. However, such faulty component in some motherboard can be disable and replaced by an expansion card. But this have to be done by a highly experienced technician.

Business PCs, workstations, and servers were more likely to need expansion cards, either for more robust functions, or for higher speeds; those systems often had fewer embedded components.

Laptop and notebook computers that were developed in the s integrated the most common peripherals. This even included motherboards with no upgradeable components, a trend that would continue as smaller systems were introduced after the turn of the century like the tablet computer and the netbook.

Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems. Design[ edit ] The Octek Jaguar V motherboard from Note the large AT keyboard connector at the back right is its only peripheral interface. The motherboard of a Samsung Galaxy SII ; almost all functions of the device are integrated into a very small board A motherboard provides the electrical connections by which the other components of the system communicate.

Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices. A typical desktop computer has its microprocessor , main memory , and other essential components connected to the motherboard. Other components such as external storage , controllers for video display and sound , and peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern microcomputers it is increasingly common to integrate some of these peripherals into the motherboard itself.

An important component of a motherboard is the microprocessor's supporting chipset , which provides the supporting interfaces between the CPU and the various buses and external components.

This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities of the motherboard. Modern motherboards include: Sockets or slots in which one or more microprocessors may be installed.

As of [update] , some graphics cards e. GeForce 8 and Radeon R require more power than the motherboard can provide, and thus dedicated connectors have been introduced to attach them directly to the power supply.

Disk drives also connect to the power supply. Additionally, nearly all motherboards include logic and connectors to support commonly used input devices, such as USB for mouse devices and keyboards. Additional peripherals such as disk controllers and serial ports were provided as expansion cards.

Given the high thermal design power of high-speed computer CPUs and components, modern motherboards nearly always include heat sinks and mounting points for fans to dissipate excess heat. Main article: Comparison of computer form factors Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shape called computer form factor , some of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers.

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The Parts of a Computer Motherboard. The Computer Mother Board Explained The main printed circuit board in a computer is known as the motherboard. Major Motherboard Components and Their Functions.

The Computer Memory Random Access Memory, or RAM, usually refers to computer chips that temporarily store dynamic data to enhance computer performance while you are working.

Cache Memory. The Computer Cache Memory Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory RAM that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the relatively slow main memory and passing it to the processor on demand. Expansion Bus. The Computer Chip-sets A chipset is a group of small circuits that coordinate the flow of data to and from a PC's key components. A computer has got two main chipsets: The NorthBridge also called the memory controller is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor.

The term "bridge" is generally used to designate a component which connects two buses. CPU Clock. Switches and Jumpers. The Switches and Jumpers DIP Dual In-line Package switches are small electronic switches found on the circuit board that can be turned on or off just like a normal switch. They are very small and so are usually flipped with a pointed object, such as the tip of a screwdriver, a bent paper clip, or a pen top.

Take care when cleaning near DIP switches, as some solvents may destroy them.

What is a Motherboard? - Definition, Function & Diagram

Dip switches are obsolete and you will not find them in modern systems. Jumper pins are small protruding pins on the motherboard. A jumper cap or bridge is used to connect or short a pair of jumper pins. When the bridge is connected to any two pins, via a shorting link, it completes the circuit and a certain configuration has been achieved.

Jumper caps are metal bridges that close an electrical circuit. Typically, a jumper consists of a plastic plug that fits over a pair of protruding pins. Jumpers are sometimes used to configure expansion boards. By placing a jumper plug over a different set of pins, you can change a board's parameters. Parts of a Motherboard.

Did you get what you were looking for in this hub? Yes No See results. Questions must be on-topic, written with proper grammar usage, and understandable to a wide audience. Helpful What is the function of IDE under system hardware? Which is the most important component of a computer system?

Looking at the dictionary you will get this definition; a "a technology for making low power integrated circuits. The Southbridge chipset is What is BIOS? Helpful 6. Beep codes are audio signals Helpful 2. What is RAM?

Helpful 4. This article is severely outdated: Grate quick to understand and get my answer. Its all about the all parts of mother board! Please Author? Can you hep me to do. Andrew, I am glad you learned a lot from my article. Keep reading and all the best. Thank you sir, blessing follow you. I need 15 internal device, location and their function.

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Parts of a Motherboard and Their Function

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Motherboard (PDF format)

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