Avalon Direct English (ADE) uses an audio-lingual style English teaching method . Our London English Course covers A1-C1 over four student books. 1, , 1, Beginner, to be, there is/are, plurals, do/does, to have. , 2, Elementary 1. Book 2, Direct English Teacher's Book, Direct Method For English Book 4 Pdf. Avalon Direct English TEACHER'S BOOK 1. Uploaded by. Avalon Direct English Book 2 Teacher Handbook Pdf >>> wm-greece.info avalon direct english book 2 teacher handbook avalon direct.
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With good pronunciation. Obviously, if you are born clever and rich with a good ear and memory in this world of ours, you can learn using far more expensive private language courses. Or, if you have an innate ability for language see polyglot you can just learn them from a book.
I do love intellectual snobs not. It is often criticized for being nothing more than a money making venture by the very people who are in the business of making language acquisition a money making venture, aimed at the middle classes with ready cash to spend on their little ones achieving greatness. An easy target. So, its courses are obviously aimed at the upper end of the middle classes.
I have met students who have completed their courses and quite frankly I was disturbed at their level of English. Bad pronunciation was my main criticism. This is in no way blaming the teachers.
What can a teacher do if his students refuse to do their work? Throw them out of class? The school wants to make money! Now believing that the lack of a royal heir is God's punishment for Arthur's union, however unwitting, with his own half-sister, Gwenhwyfar urges Arthur to confess the encounter to the bishop, who imposes strict penance upon him.
Then she and Arthur arrange for Morgaine to marry into Wales, far from Camelot. But because of a misunderstanding, Morgaine, who had thought she would be marrying the king's younger son Accolon, a Druid priest and warrior, finds herself betrothed to King Uriens of Wales , who is old enough to be her grandfather. Arthur yearns to meet his son Gwydion and perhaps foster him at Camelot, but each time he brings up the subject with Gwenhwyfar, she refuses to discuss it.
Morgaine marries Uriens and moves to Wales, but in time begins an affair with Accolon.
The "old people" of the hills, who keep to the old pagan ways, regard Accolon and Morgaine as their king and queen. King Uriens suspects nothing, but Accolon's older brother, Avalloch, begins to; at one point, he confronts Morgaine in private and tries to blackmail her into sleeping with him as well. Morgaine sends Avalloch out on a boar hunt and is magically present when the boar kills him.
In his grief for his eldest son and heir, Uriens abstains from pork for the rest of his life. Morgaine tells Accolon, who is now Uriens's heir, of the sacred marriage she made with Arthur years before. She adds that they must take the kingdom back from Arthur and the Christians and bring it back under the sway of Avalon. The attempted coup fails and Arthur kills Accolon in single combat.
As Uriens recovers from the shock of losing a second son, Morgaine leaves Wales forever. Gwydion, now grown, goes to the Saxon courts to learn warfare far from Arthur's eye. Impressed by his cleverness, the Saxons name him Mordred "Evil Counsel". Years later, at a Pentecost feast at Camelot, he introduces himself as Queen Morgaine's son and Queen Morgause's foster son, though he calls Queen Morgause "Mother" and Morgaine by her name.
Because of his close resemblance to Lancelet, he must often tell people that Lancelet is not his father.
To earn his knighthood with no suspicion of preferential treatment, Gwydion challenges Lancelet to single combat during a tourney and they fight.
As they start to fight in earnest, Gwenhwyfar, who has warmed to Gwydion in the meantime, protests and Arthur interrupts the match. Lancelet makes Gwydion a knight of the Round Table, naming him Mordred. Morgaine returns to Camelot under guise with another sister of Avalon during another Pentacost festival.
Wielding great magic, Morgaine and her sister make manifest the Holy Grail —one of the sacred regalia of Avalon. The assembled court sees the manifestation of the Grail as a holy revelation. When the knights of the Round Table leave to search for the Holy Grail, Mordred attempts to usurp the throne. In a climactic battle, the armies of Arthur and Mordred fight and Arthur is mortally wounded.
Morgaine takes the dying Arthur through the mists to Avalon, reassuring him that he did not fail in his attempt to save Britain from the approaching dark times. Arthur dies in her arms as the shoreline comes into view.
Morgaine buries him in Avalon and remains there to tell the tale of Camelot. Characters[ edit ] Morgaine — Narrator, protagonist. Her character is capable of second sight a gift of her Goddess and transfiguration. She is of notable status in the eyes of the old tribes of Britain and the post Roman aristocracy, being both a high priestess of Avalon and Queen of Cornwall in her own right. Portrayed as a tragic character, Morgaine is torn between her loyalty to Avalon and her unfulfilled love for Lancelet , although she has other lovers in the book, notably Arthur, Kevin, and Accolon.
Like Arthur, she is extremely charismatic. She often considers herself the victim of fate, having no choice in the decisions she makes in life. She is doomed to witness the demise of the old ways of Avalon , but in the end makes peace with certain aspects of Christianity, as she sees that she never fought the religion itself, but rather the narrow-minded views of some of its priests. She concludes that some memory of the ancient beliefs of Britain will live on, feeling that the Goddess she worshipped did not die with the coming of Christianity: rather, the Goddess just took another form in the image of the Virgin Mary.
After being betrayed by his ally Gorlois out of jealousy rather than for political reasons , he killed him and became the High King of Britain. He fathered King Arthur and died when Arthur was in his teens. Uther is portrayed as a gifted warlord and a competent ruler.
He resents and respects Vivianne for the manipulations and for forcing him to keep his vow to Avalon with threatened rebellion. Igraine is the wife in turn to Gorlois and Uther, a younger half-sister of Viviane, and the mother of Morgaine and Arthur. She is destined by Viviane and Taliesin to betray her husband, seduce Uther and produce the saviour of the Island of Britain her son King Arthur. At first, she rebels, stating she is not a breeding mare, but ultimately falls in love with Uther and helps him defeat his enemies.
However, the guilt about Gorlois torments her to the end. Igraine adores Morgaine before Uther enters, but she then ignores Morgaine when she and Uther marry and when Arthur is born.
Igraine is described by many as stunningly beautiful, and her beauty is still remembered in Britain long after her death. Gorlois is Igraine's husband and Morgaine's father.
Because Igraine was so young when they married, their relationship has been strained, but Gorlois did his best to make her feel comfortable, giving her gifts and letting her keep her daughter Morgaine.
Igraine does not see how he loved her until it's too late. When Gorlois suspects that Igraine has an affair with Uther, he turns on her, accuses her of being a whore and a witch, and even breaks his oath to Uther. In the end, Uther kills him for treachery.
King Arthur is the son of Igraine and Uther and younger half-brother to Morgaine. He is portrayed as an able battle commander and a brilliant political mind. He is also able to inspire fanatical love and devotion among his friends and followers. He marries Gwenhwyfar by arranged marriage for a dowry of men and fine horses, but tries to truly honor and respect her. His compassion for his suffering wife — who is tormented by her childlessness and her love for Lancelet — ultimately becomes his downfall.
A twist is that he is actually aware of Gwenhwyfar and Lancelet's affair, and how unhappy both are to continually betray him, but looks the other way because he loves both his wife and his best friend too much to make them unhappy. It is suggested that, while he does love Gwenhwyfar, his deepest love is saved for Morgaine. Gwenhwyfar is Arthur's beautiful but unhappy wife. She is brought up by a cold, unloving father, which left her with a deep inferiority complex and intense agoraphobia.
Failing to produce an heir and unable to be with the love of her life, Lancelet, she falls into a deep depression and — hoping for salvation — becomes an increasingly fanatical Christian.
Gwenhwyfar and Morgaine are depicted as polar opposites, similar only in their religious zealotry and desire to push Arthur towards their own ends. While Morgaine is at court, the two form an unlikely, yet genuinely affectionate friendship for several years. Give me an example of a famous genius? Albert Einstein was a famous genius. Do you have to be a genius to understand English grammar?
No, you don't have to be a genius to understand English grammar. Do you think intelligence is something you can learn or something you are born with? I think intelligence is something you are born with Q. Do you think dogs are more or less intelligent than cats? I think dogs are more intelligent than cats.
Practice is doing something in real life.
Which scientist became famous for his General Theory of Relativity? Albert Einstein became famous for his General Theory of Relativity. Do you believe the theory that humans used to be monkeys? Yes, I believe the theory that humans used to be monkeys. In theory can you teach yourself a foreign language from a book? Yes, in theory you can you teach yourself a foreign language from a book.
Do you think this really works in practice? No, I don't think it really works in practice. In theory computers make our lives easier, but in practice what kind of problems can they cause? In practice, computers can be bad for your eyes and can be very expensive. In theory anyone can become rich if they work hard, but do you think this is true in practice? No, I don't think it's true in practice. Do your plans usually work in practice?
Yes, my plans usually work in practice. Are there any funny people in your country who are famous for being A. No, there aren't any funny people in my country who are famous for being sarcastic.
I f someone drinks too much, can it have an effect on their work? Yes, if someone drinks too much, they find it very difficult to concentrate. Have you been taking exercise recently?
Yes, I've been taking exercise recently. Have you ever tried to do something that was easy in theory but really difficult in practice? Yes, taking my driving test was easy in theory but really difficult in practice.
I failed my exam because I made too many silly mistakes. These expressions are impolite. Do you think people who get drunk and violent are silly or stupid? I think people who get drunk and violent are stupid. If you were late for school because you got on the wrong bus, would you be silly or stupid?
If you were late for school because you got on the wrong bus, you'd be silly. How would you feel if someone called you an idiot?
I'd feel stupid if someone called me an idiot. Yes, I felt stupid because I couldn't understand French. Give me an example of silly behaviour. Leaving your wallet on a train is an example of silly behaviour. Give me an example of stupid behaviour. Not wearing your helmet on a motorbike is an example of stupid behaviour. A serious person is someone who usually thinks carefully about things and If you take something seriously, you think it is important and worth doing well. Do news readers usually look serious on television?
Yes, news readers usually look serious on television. Do you take studying English seriously? Yes, I take studying English seriously. Did you take your education seriously at school? Yes, I took my education seriously at school. However However is a linking word. It has the same meaning as but.
There are three differences between however and but. However is more formal than but and we usually use it in written English. We do not use it a lot when speaking. However does not link clauses together in one sentence. However, we are very good friends now. However can go in different places in a sentence.
Usually we put it at the beginning of a sentence. We were sure that we paid the bill. However, the manager did not believe us. It can also go at the end of a sentence, after a comma. We were sure we had paid the bill. Or it can go in the middle of a sentence, between two commas.
Which linking word has the same meaning as however? But has the same meaning as however.
Is however more common in written or spoken English? However is more common in written English. Does however join clauses in the same sentence? No, however doesn't join clauses in the same sentence. Make a sentence with however. It's raining. However, I'm still going to play football. Trains were the first practical way for people to travel very long distances. Is it practical to live a long way from where you work?
No, it's impractical to live a long way from where you work. Does experience teach you to be practical? Yes, experience teaches you to be practical. In what kind of jobs do you need to be practical? You need to be practical if you are a builder. What would be a practical thing to download if you kept waking up late? An alarm clock would be a practical thing to download if you kept waking up late.
What would be a practical thing to download if you wanted to visit a famous foreign city? A guidebook would be a practical thing to download if you wanted to visit a famous foreign city. What would be a practical thing to download if your bedroom was very cold in the winter?
A heater would be a practical thing to download if your bedroom was very cold in the winter. What kind of things do you think are worth taking seriously? I think it's worth taking your job seriously. Yes, I was treated like an idiot in France. What is one of the most stupid things you have ever done? Leaving my wallet on the backseat of my car is one of the most stupid things I've ever done.
What kind of things hang from the ceiling? Lights sometimes hang from the ceiling. Where would you hang a picture? I would hang a picture on the wall. Where would you hang a wet towel? I would hang a wet towel on the back of a chair. What kind of clothes do you hang on a hanger? You hang coats and dresses on a hanger. Do you fold jumpers or hang them up? I fold jumpers. Would you like to work in advertising? No, I wouldn't like to work in advertising. Have you ever advertised anything in a newspaper or magazine?
Yes, I've advertised a bicycle in a newspaper. What products are made by Honda? Cars and motorbikes are made by Honda. What products are made by Pepsi Co. Soft drinks are made by Pepsi Co. Have you ever bought a particular product because you liked the advertisement? Yes, I bought a CD player last year because I liked the advertisement. If a product is sold with a guarantee it means the company promises to repair or replace it if it stops working. What kind of things do you often have to replace?
You often have to replace batteries and light bulbs. Do all products have a guarantee? No, not all products have a guarantee. Which parts of the body can be replaced? The heart, lungs and liver can be replaced. Is your watch guaranteed? Yes, my watch is guaranteed. How long does the guarantee last? For one year. Do you fold your clothes carefully after washing them?
No, I don't fold my clothes carefully after washing them. Where is a practical place to hang winter coats in summer? A practical place to hang winter coats in summer is at the back of a wardrobe.
Are very intelligent people sometimes not very practical?
Yes, very intelligent people are sometimes not very practical. What kind of products are advertised on television? Electrical products are advertised on television. When you go on holiday are you always guaranteed to have a good time? No, when you go on holiday, you're not always guaranteed to have a good time. Do children sometimes exaggerate when they tell each other stories?
Yes, children sometimes exaggerate when they tell each other stories. Why do you think journalists sometimes exaggerate news stories?
I think journalists sometimes exaggerate news stories to sell more newspapers. Have you ever exaggerated an illness so you could have a day off school or work?
No, I've never exaggerated an illness so I could have a day off school.